On April 15, every year, ”the Day of the Sun”, Kim Il Sung’s birthday, is celebrated in the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK), a day that is also celebrated by Korea’s friends around the world.
To understand the importance Koreans attach to celebrating ”the Day of the Sun”, Kim Il Sung’s great importance for the development of the Korean Peninsula and the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea must be understood.
Kim Il Sung is not only a politician but also a freedom fighter in the fight against Japanese imperialism, a father of the country and leader who until his death worked tirelessly with the daily rule of the country and the development of the theoretical foundations on which the DPRK is based, the Juche Idea. That is why he is called the Supreme Leader of the DPRK and appointed as the country’s eternal president.
Kim Il Sung was born into a humble family in 1912 and came into contact with politics at a young age. His parents were patriots and engaged in opposition to the Japanese occupation. At the age of 14, Kim Il Sung left his parents’ home with his late father’s two guns to join the resistance camp which at this time had its base in Manchuria. Kim Il Sung quickly gained a leading role in the anti-Japanese struggle and founded, in 1926, the Down-with-Imperialism Union, a revolutionary organization based on Marxism-Leninism. Through the founding of the Union ”Down with Imperialism Union”, Kim Il Sung’s revolutionary activities began. Kim Il Sung then went on to develop and unify the Korean resistance to Japanese imperialism. He then became the obvious leader of the anti-Japanese struggle until its 1945 victory.
As leader of the revolutionary anti-imperialist struggle, Kim Il Sung had won great respect among the people and thousands of people gathered as he held his victory speech in Pyongyang. It was therefore natural that he became leader of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea at its founding.
The military experience of the 20-year-long struggle against Japanese imperialism came to be decisive in the next great ordeal for the Korean people. During the Korean War of 1950-53, the Korean Army came up against the ruthless warfare of the United States. The war, which cost the country one-fifth of its population and transformed cities and villages into ruins, was devastating, but the DPRK managed to defend its country and the ceasefire on July 27, 1953 must be seen as a great victory. Again, Kim Il Sung had shown a great ability to unite the people in a common battle against an external enemy.
The experiences gained in the fight against Japanese and American imperialism contributed to the development of Kim Il Sung’s philosophy, the Juche Idea, which emphasizes independence in economics, politics and defense and puts the masses at the center. On the basis that the people can achieve anything if they are united around a common goal, DPRK began to undergo rapid industrial and economic development. In order to preserve peace, the military was given a prominent position, which led to the Songoon policy, the military first, in the 1990s.
Throughout his life, Kim Il Sung worked to reunite what was shared by the major powers, a work that resulted in the 10-point national reunification program in 1993, which later led to the historic June 15 declaration in 2000.
Kim Il Sung led the Korean people to his death in 1994 and the memory of his victories is alive today in Korea. The Day of the Sun celebrates all these successes and is therefore the most important holiday in the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea. Today, the country is led by Kim Il Sung’s grandson Kim Jong Un who continues the line his father and grandfather embarked on. An independent development with the goal of building an economic superpower to guarantee the people a high standard of living. At the same time, peace on the Korean peninsula is maintained through a deterrent military capability combined with tireless diplomatic efforts to achieve an independent and peaceful reunification of the two Korean states. It is our hope and conviction that this work will be successful and we wish the Korean people all the happiness and prosperity in its continued work for an independent and independent Korea.
The Swedish Juche Idea Study Group